Tai Chi is a centuries-old form of exercise from China. It is low impact and does not require extended endurance or high levels of coordination to perform, and skills . Tai traditions than the best-known literature would lead us believe. In order to show the value of Ahom studies, by way of example, some Ahom terms related to rank and social class will be isolated and commented upon in a comparative framework. The Ahom occupy a rather exceptional position amongst the Tai peoples. In. Ahom, or Tai Ahom, is a Tai-Kadai language formerly spoken in the Indian state of Assam. The Ahom people originally came from Yunnan province in China. Ahom was used as the sole language of the Ahom kingdom until the 15th or 16th century, when it started to be replaced by Assamese. Tai-Ahom, a language of Tai group of languages, was spoken by a small group of Tai-Ahom people in a region which at present comprises of Dibrugarh and Sibsagar districts of the state of Assam and some area of Arunachal Pradesh in India. Tai-Ahom language . The linguistic forms and the literature recorded in Tai Ahom manuscripts are believed to represent one of the oldest examples of Tai language for which we have records. Where a Tai Ahom manuscript is dated, the date is that of its copying, and most of these are late eighteenth or early nineteenth century.
In the past, the Tai Emperors, the Tai kings or their representatives started for war or began their official tours only after performing the ritual of flowing the Khring Phu Ra. Nowadays the Khring Phu Ra is invariably flown by the Tai Ahoms in all their public functions whether social or religious.
Mung Lung the present day in Assam in. From then onward, lak-ni Tao-si-nga became obsolete in Assam. But is still in vogue in China and amongst world Tai.
Religion[ edit ] The Ahoms have subscribed to different religious practices over time. They have a well developed cosmogony around Lengdon, the lord of heaven;  a form of ancestor  called Phura-Tara-Along; and since the 17th-century various local forms of Hinduism— Ekasarana dharma and Saktism.
In the late th century there has been many revivalist movements around religion. Eventually, Lengdon Ngi-ring-kham became the lord of the heavens. He sent down his grandsons, Khun-long and Khun-lai, to rule Mong-ri-Mong-ram, a place on earth,  and from who the Ahom kings claimed descent.
Khun-long and Khun-lai brought with them two deities Chumpha Assamese: Somdeo and Shengmung each respectively,  the deities which Sukaphaa received from his grandmother in Mong Mao at the time of his departure. The deities were kept in a special temple named Ho-Phi or seng-Rwan  Assamese: The deity Chum-Pha became indispensable during the coronation of the Ahom king. The book associated with the rituals and practices are recorded in a book called Min-mang Phuralung that teaches kindness and liberalism.
This ritual is dedicated to Lengdon, the prinicpal Ahom god and conducted by the king with considerable pomp and grandeur. Originally held annually, this came to be offered once every five years,  even after the downfall of the kingdom.
This is a congregational worship performed by the commoners. It is also a household religious function. This influence from Tai folk religion  was acquired either in Yunnan, or in Myanmar during Sukaphaa's journey into Assam.
The offerings in this ceremony are vegetarian and no animal sacrifices are made. This was a celebratory ritual conducted after a victory in battle, asking for a higher power to the king and longevity for the king and the kingdom.
This celebration is associated with ancestor worship, and is currently conducted annually on January 31 of every year. Ahom households worship the household deity, Sheng-ka-Pha a grandson of Khun-Theu-kham, the first created god ,  at the site of a pillar of the main house. All funerals were to be practiced under the Brahmanical Hindu cremation rites, conducted by a Maithil Brahmin priest and a traditional Deodhai priest. Ancestor worship of banphi Phuraloung[ edit ] The Tai Ahoms worship their deceased forefathers as they are the guardian deities of the householders.
They believe that their ancestors must be duly worshipped so that they were satisfied to keep them safe. The Tai Ahom priestly families worship their dead ancestors in the occasion of marriage, festivals like Bihu, before and after harvesting, the feast of new paddy, birth and death ceremonies etc. The Tai Ahoms believe that after death a person becomes a Dam Phi, or a god, who goes to reside in heaven in the same way as he was in his earthly life.
He is worshipped and propitiated as a god with the offerings made by the descendants but not as a revengeful ghost. The Tai Ahoms offer their first seasonal crops, vegetables, and fruits to the ancestors and they could take these only after offering these to their ancestor gods. The priestly families worship their ancestors in a very clear way making different grades to each kind of Dam. Thus Chi Rwan Dam means the fourth generation of the parents of the dead grandfather of the living householders.
This kind of Dam is propitiated in the house of the eldest member of the living generations. The recent death in the household, whether the head of the family or his wife or his parents, is called Na Dam.
All these kinds of Dams are altogether called Griha Dam, who are worshipped annually. The Jokorua Dam are not included among the Griha Dam. Ahom language The Tai Ahom language, until recently, was known by approximately members of the Ahom priestly class. It is being revitalized by Tai Ahom organizations by establishing various Tai schools in Upper Assam.
Many institutes like P. In coming days more Tai schools are planned to be established across Assam  Starting in the late 20th and continuing into the early 21st century, there has been renewed interest among the Ahoms in their culture and language leading to increased study and attempts at revival.
The latest available census records slightly over 2 million Ahom individuals however, estimates of the total number of people descended from the original Tai-Ahom settlers are as high as eight million.