At one time the USSR was the greatest state in the world. Historians argue till now about why it has disappeared. Was the USSR's collapse intentionally arranged or it should have happened? Did the USSR collapse because it was disorganized or did the USSR destroy itself? In my essay I argued that the End of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union were well planed from USA and the western Capitalist countries, which used their economical, social and political propaganda to effect over some of the countries inside the Union. The Collapse of the USSR Essay Words 5 Pages During the ’s and the ’s the Soviet Union was recognized worldwide as being a strong political power, although the Soviet Union was not as it appeared to be. The contributing factors that led to the collapse of the Soviet Union Essay Sample. The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), which was established in , was the first communist state in the world. The Soviet Union, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), is a vast alliance of 15 different countries: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan. USSR was founded in after the end of the monarchy of the czar.
- Collapse of the Ussr
- The Collapse of Soviet Power in Europe
- To What Extent was Gorbachev to blame for the Collapse of the USSR Essay
As more and more revolutions against the ideology were sparked, the domino affect came in to play, creating huge gaps in the iron curtain and ultimately leading to the collapse of communism not just in Eastern Europe but throughout the superpower of Russia as well.
Gorbachev abandoned the Brezhnev Doctrine, which was the Soviet Unions policy of intervening with a communist country if they were under the threat of invasion.
Collapse of the Ussr
Instead, Gorbachev created the Sinatra Doctrine. In , Gorbachev continued an anti-alcohol program that he previous ruler, Andropov, had started. The price of vodka was increased, the legal drinking age was increased from 18 to 21 and the number of hours in which people could by alcohol were dropped.
He hoped this would discourage workers from drinking and therefore improve the employees work rate and boosting the economy. This plan failed and Gorbachev was hated for it. However, these policies did not boost the economy at all but simply made no difference.
The Collapse of Soviet Power in Europe
The freedoms of speech, which had been granted by Gorbachev, backfired on him. Quickly, radio stations were picking floors in the soviets government and the ideas of communism whilst highlighting the extremely poor living condition, which Gorbachev had hoped Glasnost and Perestroika would have improved.
The collapse of the Berlin wall had been the defining point in the collapse of communism in Eastern Europe. Throughout the soviet block of countries, reforms against communism were taking place. These reforms in neighboring European countries were initialized in Poland.
In Poland, poor pay and living standard were creating strikes. A new trade union named Solidarity was introduced into the country, which resulted in the government being made to recognize the union in Due to Solidarities major support, which it had gained, the ban did not exterminate the existence of the union, but simply drove it under ground.
Also, rebellious Poles organized their own society, separate from the Communist government, which sparked the beginning of many revolutions against communism. After the revolution of Poland, Czechs and Slovaks took to the streets to demand political reforms in Czechoslovakia.
To What Extent was Gorbachev to blame for the Collapse of the USSR Essay
Leading the protests in Prague was Havel, the founder of the reform group Charter The Communist Party of Czechoslovakia quietly and peacefully transferred the government rule to Havel. Another revolution In Romania was also taking place very soon after the velvet revolution.
The Communist regime of hardliner Nicolae Ceausescu was overthrown by popular protest and was shot dead after getting a death sentence for killing citizens. Soon, the Communist parties of Bulgaria and Albania were also ended as communism was quickly spiraling out of control in the East. This immediately affected the USA and could be blamed for their boycott of the Olympics.
This was exactly what happened; by Gorbachev realized he could not continue pumping funds into the war so he decided to withdraw soviet troops from the area.
Soon after this withdrawal, he started START talks with the USA, which would limit the amount of nuclear weapons being manufactured, saving money for Gorbachev to put back into the economy. In East Germany in , there were a series of strikes and protests against the communist rule.
It also shows how weak communist rule in East Germany really was becoming. The Berlin wall was a hated symbol of oppression and it symbolized the clear-cut divide of capitalism and communism.
East and West Berliners hated the wall as families and friends were divided in two. As Communism in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe began to collapse due to the revolutions taking place, pressure mounted on the East German authorities to open the Berlin border to the west.
Thousands of Germans were escaping to the west through Hungary and the GDR was powerless to stop them. Honecker, the East German leader, collapsed under the pressure and. The border was due to be opened on the 10th, however a mistake in a press conference resulted in the border being opened on the evening of the 9th. As the guards stood confused whether to open the order or not, huge crowds gathered for the monumental event.
Once the border was eventually opened, thousands of people crossed the border of which had previously marked the communist, capitalist divide.
This was the moment that I believe collapsed communism not just in Eastern Europe but in Russia as well. There are many reasons for the collapse of communism in Eastern Europe and the USSR, however I believe that some are more important than others.
I believe that the most important factor that led to the collapse of communism not just in the USSR but also Eastern Europe was Gorbachev. However I also feel that Gorbachev did the right thing in ending the cold war without violence and blood shed.
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