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Henri-chapelle american cemetery and memorial address essay

Henri-chapelle American Cemetery And Memorial Address Essay

Henri-chapelle american cemetery and memorial address essay

This cemetery is located near the town of Hendrikkapelle (Henri-Chapelle in French). It lies along the road from Liege to Aachen. This war cemetery was established in by the American army. Henri-Chapelle American Cemetery and Memorial Memorials. Search; 8, memorials found. Page of Enter a valid email address and a feedback message. Plese check the I'm not a robot checkbox.' We were unable to submit your feedback at this time. Please try again later. The Henri-Chapelle American Cemetery and Memorial lies seven miles from the German border near Welkenraedt in Belgium. The site commemorates 7, military dead, the majority who fell during the First Army's push into Germany from France, Belgium and Holland in September or during the Battle of the Bulge in December January Henri-Chapelle American Cemetery The American Battle Monument Commission (ABMC) was created by act of Congress in March to « erect and maintain memorials in the United States and foreign countries where the United States Armed Forces have served since 6 April Oct 24,  · The Henri-Chapelle American Cemetery is a breathtaking sight. The history alone is fascinating and touching but the site itself is beautiful and a must see if you are in the area. The staff is very knowledgeable and extremely helpful.5/5().

The location of these temporary cemeteries essentially depended of the military situation. Major battles generated urgent needs of burial grounds where casualties, allied and German, were sometimes buried at the same location. As a result, cemeteries were also established close to major field hospitals. Another 51 temporary U. Burial in Henri Chapelle cemetery, Two weeks later, on September 25, , Captain Channing B. Later on, soldiers fallen during the Battle of the Bulge or during the advance into and across Germany during the winter of were brought back to Henri-Chapelle.

In the spring of , the cemetery contained over American graves.

Henri-Chapelle American Cemetery and Memorial Memorials

In , the Secretary of the Army and the ABMC selected 12 sites as permanent cemeteries, each rich of symbols and history. Neuville-en-Condroz was the second permanent cemetery in Belgium. In May , General Dwight D. Eisenhower presided the first Memorial Day held in Henri-Chapelle. The Belgian population and local veterans associations massively attended the ceremony.

Why change the site?

The repatriation program began on July 27, The cemetery was closed to visitors and the disinterment procedure started. It was from the temporary cemetery at Henri-Chapelle that the first shipments of remains of American war dead were returned to the United States for permanent burial. Boxed remains brought to the forensic tent for identification. Exhumation was an arduous task to accomplish. The next of kin of a deceased soldier was given three burial options.

The government of the United States was bearing all the costs of exhumation, preparation of the remains, casketing, transport and reburial. Casket and transportation box prepared for the long return home Remains selected for States side burials were flagged and disinterment process started at a large scale. After being exhumed by Belgian workers, the remains were carefully controlled by Grave Registration Service personnel to confirm identification. Using the Albert Canal, they reached the port of Antwerp where the boxed caskets were transferred on US Navy ships for the long return home.

The first shipment of 5, American war dead from Henri-Chapelle left Antwerp, Belgium the first week of October An impressive ceremony was held, with over 30, Belgian citizens attending, along with representatives of the Belgium government and senior Americans.

Henri-chapelle american cemetery and memorial address essay

Over the next two years, temporary cemeteries closed successively and by the end of , permanent interments were virtually completed. Servicemen remaining in overseas cemeteries received the same preparation.

For the average visitor, the tombs seem to have been dug separately at the base of perfectly lined marble crosses.

Henri-chapelle american cemetery and memorial address essay

The reality is very different. Cranes excavated large holes representing the different plots.

Henri-Chapelle American Cemetery

Overseas cemeteries were progressively transferred for construction and maintenance to the ABMC. The landscape architect was Franz Lipp, also of Chicago. The temporary wooden Christian and Star of David grave markers were replaced by their equivalent in pristine Italian white marble. The cemetery, its memorial and chapel were completed in and its 7, graves extended on 57 acres. The grave area is dominated by the bronze statue of the Angel of Peace bestowing the olive branch upon the heroic Dead for whom he makes special commendation to the Almighty.

Among the graves are 35 instances in which two brothers rest side by side and one instance of 3 brothers, also there are headstones marking the tombs of 94 unknowns and three Medal of Honor recipients.

Twenty-two of the eighty-six American prisoners massacred by the Germans at Malmedy also rest here. After the completion of the cemetery, no burial occurred in Henri-Chapelle until June 22, This increased the total of graves to 7. Belgian school children visit frequently to pay their respects and to learn about the Americans who liberated their country in World War II.

Many graves were adopted by locals and contact established with American families. After all those years, the Belgian population has not forgotten.

Henri-Chapelle American Cemetery and Memorial

A small chapel provides a place for quiet reflection. Carved on 12 pairs of columns on the memorial plaza are the names of missing servicemen. Aerial of Henri-Chapelle American Cemetery.

Henri-chapelle american cemetery and memorial address essay